Dark spots on skin can happen to anyone, but you don’t have to put up with them. Read on to learn how.
In this article:
- Underlying Causes of Dark Patches on Skin
- Specific Causes of Dark Spots on Skin
- Natural Remedies for Dark Spots on Skin
How To Deal With Dark Spots On Skin
Underlying Causes of Dark Patches on Skin
There are many causes for unsightly black spots on skin. Skin spots are usually just a cosmetic issue but they can indicate a more serious problem. Fortunately, treatment for dark spots can reduce their appearance. Depending on the cause of the dark spots on your skin, you may be able to use natural remedies to lighten skin and reduce the appearance of skin spots.
The underlying cause of dark spots on skin is usually the result of the overproduction or collection of a specific pigment in the skin. This pigment, known as melanin, gives color to a person’s skin, hair, and eyes. People with very dark skin have more melanin than do people with very light skin.
Dark spots can develop in people with very light skin, very dark skin, and every shade of skin in between. In fact, The Virtual Medical Centre says that the appearance of dark spots on skin is one of the most common reasons that people of color go to the dermatologist.
Certain skin cells produce melanin upon exposure to the sun. The Virtual Medical Centre says that more cells are exposed to the sun, the more the melanin these skin cells will produce.
Melanin has a very important job – it protects skin cells from the DNA damage that can lead to skin cancer. Melanin filters sunlight to prevent dangerous ultraviolet (UV) light from damaging your skin cells.
There are two main types of melanin: eumelanin and pheomelanin. Eumelanin gives your skin a brown color. You increase eumelanin when you tan. On the other hand, pheomelanin gives your skin that bright red color when you get sunburned.
Specific Causes of Dark Spots on Skin
Brown spots or black spots can appear for a variety of reasons. Dark spots may appear when a pimple clears up or when a patch of psoriasis goes away. You might notice a dark spot where an insect bite, cut, or burn had healed.
Products may irritate your skin to cause dark patches. Skin care and hair care products are the most likely culprits.
Some medications can cause dark spots because they make your skin hypersensitive to the sun. These medications include estrogen, the antibiotic known as tetracycline, and amiodarone to treat irregular heartbeat. Other drugs that can cause dark spots include phenytoin which treats seizures, phenothiazines which treat mental and emotional disorders, and sulfonamides which treat infections.
Hormonal changes can also cause dark spots on skin. Hormones are chemical messengers that rise and fall in the human body to regulate various functions. In fact, hormones influence the production of the melanin that creates skin color and causes dark spots. These hormones tell special skin cells to produce melanin. Hormone changes during pregnancy can trigger the production of melanin.
Natural Remedies for Dark Spots on Skin
There are a number of natural remedies you can use to lighten dark spots on your skin. You can find many of these natural remedies already in your kitchen. Others are available without a prescription.
1. Apple Cider Vinegar
Acetic acid gives vinegar its sour and pungent smell. Research shows that the acetic acid in apple cider vinegar can lighten dark marks on skin. To use this remedy, simply combine equal parts apple cider vinegar and water in a container. Apply to the dark patches for two to three minutes before rinsing your skin with lukewarm water. Repeat this twice daily until you achieve the desired results.
2. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera contains a yellow compound, known as aloin. A 2012 study shows that aloin removes pigmentation from treated skin. To use aloe vera, simply apply it to the affected area before bedtime. Rinse the treated area with warm water in the morning. Repeat this every day until the dark brown patches on skin are gone.
3. Red Onion
You can buy skin-lightening products that contain an extract from the dried skins of red onions. This extract is known as Allium cepa. Research shows that Allium cepa is effective at lightening skin. Look for creams that contain Allium cepa and use as directed.
4. Green Tea Extract
Applying green tea extract to the skin can reduce pigmentation, according to a 2013 study. Purchase green tea extract and use as directed.
Applying green tea bags directly to dark spots may produce results. Steep a green tea bag in boiling water for three to five minutes. Remove the teabag and allow it to cool so that you do not burn your skin. Rub the teabag over the dark spots. Do this twice each day.
5. Black Tea Water
Black tea water can lighten skin, too. Simply add a cup of boiling distilled water to a tablespoon of fresh black tea leaves and steep for two hours before straining to remove the leaves. Soak a cotton ball in the tea water and apply to the dark spots on your skin. Do this twice each day on six days of the week, over a 4-week time span.
6. Licorice Extract
Look for topical creams that contain licorice extract, which reduces dark spots caused by exposure to the sun. These topical creams are available without a prescription. Use as directed.
Milk, buttermilk, and sour milk contain lactic acid, which can lighten skin discoloration. To use, soak a cotton ball in the milk then rub the cotton ball over the darkened patches. Perform this twice a day until you see results.
8. Orchid Extracts
Several products contain orchid extract, which research shows, is effective for lightening dark spots. Apply orchid extracts to your skin every day for eight weeks to improve the size and appearance of dark spots on your skin.
9. Red Lentils
Red lentils are rich in antioxidants that are good for the skin. Masoor dal face masks contain red lentils. You can make your own masoor dal mask by soaking 50 grams of red lentils in a bowl of water overnight. Blend the mixture in a food processor or blender to create a fine paste. Apply the paste evenly over the affected area. Leave the paste on for 20 minutes before rinsing with cold water. Pat the skin dry with a soft towel.
Learn how apple cider vinegar can help you with your dark spots on skin in this video from DoctorOz:
Dark spots can be unattractive. Fortunately, you can reduce the appearance of dark spots on your skin with these natural remedies. You can also follow a natural skin care routine using organic products or recipes for glowing, even-toned skin.
Do you have black dots on your skin? What kind of organic treatment for dark spots have you tried that worked for you? Share your tips with us in the comments section below.
The post What Causes Dark Spots on Skin and Natural Remedies appeared first on Better Organic Skin Care.